Study estimates that this year Chile will spend 0,5% of GDP due to obesity
Research calculated disease costs until 2030: that year will spend 3 trillion pesos. The figure emerges from the cost in health care, disability and premature mortality.
Thanks to the latest survey national's health (ENS 2010) it is known that in Chile 67% of the population has problems of excess weight. Worse still: of this percentage, 25% are obese and 2%, morbid obesity.
Now, by first time a study measured the impact financial of the disease in the country. Research, call the year 2030 "Measurement of the current economic burden of obesity in Chile and screening" was conducted by researchers from the U. Chile and the U. Santiago and funded by Fonis-Conicyt and the Ministry of health (Minsal).
The study calculated that-by concepts of care of health, disability, absenteeism and mortality premature- on average each year the country spends 1,4 trillion pesos, four times and half what is spent on the reconstruction of the Hospital Felix Bulnes. Of that figure, 455 billion correspond only to the direct cost; i.e., to attention of health, that amounts to almost five times the budget of the next year of the law Ricarte Soto.
He study, After crossing epidemiological data, prevalence of diseases and mortality, among others, concluded that on average, and considering the costs generated between 2010 and 2030, the country "loses about 0,81% of GDP to pay for the consequences of obesity, as treatments medical, associated diseases, invalidity pensions, absence job, loss of productivity and premature mortality", says Cristóbal Cuadrado, the school of public health of the University academic. of Chile and leader of the research.
Only for this year it is estimated that 0 will be spent,54% of GDP in all costs associated with obesity. Of that total, and only by costs direct from the attention of health and treatments for obesity and diseases associated, 2 will be allocated,4% of the annual budget of the public and private health system. By 2030, the total costs will be 1,46% of that year's GDP and in direct, 3,9% of everything spent by both systems. "The projection prints urgency to generate policies that reduce this health problem", says square.
Lorena Rodriguez, Head of nutrition and foods of the Minsal, says that the Studio next to others that you are making (see note secondary) they will give a more general picture of the situation of obesity in the country, the impact that are taking the political public that is have implemented and if is necessary to take new measures to combat this disease.
Andrea Huidobro, specialist in nutrition and collaborator of the advanced Centre for chronic diseases (Accdis), He explains that the diseases associated with obesity are primarily those related to insulin resistance and chronic inflammation levels. "The mechanism is in general the release of inflammatory factors by adipose tissue, which creates physiological changes enabling the development of these diseases", explains. In addition, this inflammation worsens the resistance to insulin and subsequently, determines the increase of sugar levels in the blood (Diabetes).
"The inflammation factors increase the resistance of the arteries which increases blood pressure. Them triglycerides is increase by the hyperinsulinemia and because the inflammation increases the action of the hormone that releases these fats of them deposits. All these mechanisms are increasing the risk of vascular accidents of potentially, Since the arteries accumulate fat, they react with more inflammation and become vulnerable to accidents of plate (ruptures) the clot can cover partial or completely an artery, generating attacks", explains the specialist.
Expenses in the work
To end of the year past the Faculty of economy and business (FEN) the u. of Talca measured how much more money it costs to them companies Chilean a worker obese respect to one with weight normal. Measuring 26 variables - including absenteeism, productivity, arrears and licensing medical- estimated that an obese worker is 6,34 times more expensive.
Other data thrown by this survey: per month the group of obese workers had an average of 1,37 days of absence, versus 0,12 days of non-obese.
For two years the Chilean Safety Association (ACHS) and the U. Major studied the accidents occupational. The conclusion?? People who have a higher waist circumference than recommended are 31% more likely to have a work accident. And if are sedentary, the probability increases 23% compared to people who engage in regular physical activity.