In the context of the health crisis facing the world and Chile, Dr. Miguel O’Ryan G. Professor at the University of Chile, Pediatrician and researcher at the Millennium Institute in Immunology and Immunotherapy and Scientific Committee of the World Society of Infectology (WSPID) participated in the ACCDIS seminar cycle, to explain about the pandemic in the country, its evolution and contributions from the COVID-19 Advisory Council.

To kick-start, Dr. Miguel explained the main public health actions carried out in the country, Highlighting "within the key inputs that positively differentiate us between Latin American countries, there is the strengthening of the national network of laboratories and the healthcare network", important factors that helped us anticipate, considering that health system saturation was the main problem of many countries.

With regard to the national network of laboratories, el profesor informó que disponemos de 73 instituciones en todo Chile, los cuales se dividen en 28 hospitales, 19 universidades y 26 recintos privados, who have the ability to test for COVID-19 diagnostic confirmation, “hasta la fecha se hacen 17.515 PCR diarios” señaló Miguel O’Ryan.

In terms of strengthening the care network, Chile ejecutó varias acciones para enfrentar la emergencia “en febrero se hablaba de la disponibilidad de 800 ventiladores mecánicos, which they weren't going to give enough to meet the needs, for this reason, strategy to acquire these elements began, which have gradually come into the country", commented on the doctor. On the other hand, también se aumentó la capacidad de camas hospitalarias que pasó de 37.000 a 41.532, se creó un fondo de $220.000 millions to finance the purchase of inputs and equipment, epidemiological and entry points at the start of the pandemic were initiated and quarantine measures and health cordons have been implemented in most regions of the country, the doctor reported.

During the seminar the teacher also referred to the epidemiological record that is made annually at the Institute of Public Health on the surveillance of respiratory viruses, showing to date, increased presence of coronavirus and little development of other viruses.

With regard to the effectiveness of quarantines, the researcher showed two charts of the city of Chillán and Osorno, ensuring "quarantine is the most relevant public health measure we have to control the increase in positive cases in each geographic area", the report has seen a significant decrease in new positive cases since quarantine was applied.

With regard to your position as a pediatrician, the doctor took the opportunity to report on the report of positive cases in children, según el último informe de la Sociedad Chilena Pediátrica hasta el 16 de mayo: pediatric patients with COVID-19 upcPA graduates (pediatric critical patients) han sido 42 en total, sin embargo hasta la fecha 8 niños se encuentran hospitalizados en UPCP y 6 pacientes han necesitado soporte respiratorio.

To finish, the member of the Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Health, Chile's strategy is fundamentally based on testing, traceability of cases, significant increase in critical beds and selective quarantines, but unfortunately the work doesn't finish yet, the expert noted that within the outstanding aspects is incorporating more staff to maximize the ability to trace cases, bringing together the scientific community in all necessary aspects and optimizing the communication strategy "it is necessary to generate trust and a balance between timely and accurate information" and finally, se debe diseñar una estrategia de salida de la pandemia para los próximos meses.

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